Maintain a Mailu server¶
Upgrading the mail server¶
First check upstream for changes in the
docker-compose.yml or in the
.env files. Also, check
CHANGELOG.md for changes that you
might not want to include.
.env file to reflect the version that you wish to install (if
you are running
latest, you may skip this and proceed), then
simply pull the latest images and recreate the containers :
docker-compose pull docker-compose up -d
Monitoring the mail server¶
Logs are managed by Docker directly. You can easily read your logs using :
Docker is able to forward logs to multiple log engines. Read the following documentation or details: https://docs.docker.com/engine/admin/logging/overview/.
Migrating an instance¶
The SMTP protocol has an embedded retry mechanism and multiple MX that can serve a single domain, so that most migration process or maintenance process do not require any specific care.
Mailu relys heavily on files for storing everything, which helps the migration process, that can be performed based on file synchronization.
The suggested migration process consists in setting up a new backup server that drops incoming emails (Mailu not started), synchronizing both servers, stopping the main server and launching the backup server. Then, the backup server is switched as a main MX and the old server is deleted.
- Prepare your new server, copy your
.envand basic configuration files to the server, so that it is ready to start configuration Mailu, do not start Mailu
- Setup your DNS so that the backup server is an additional, deprioritized MX for the domain; this can be complex if you serve many domains, in which case you can simply accept that some remote MX will retry for a couple minutes, skip this step
- While your DNS TTL expires and your modification propagates, start rsyncing your Mailu directory (
- Stop Mailu on the old server and run a final
rsyncwhile no process is writing to the files
- Start Mailu on the new server, and production should be back to normal
- Set your new server as the main MX for your domains, if you did not set an additional MX, make sure you still change the
AAAArecord for your MX name.